Understanding The Earth

Planet Earth

Livre numérique

Understanding The Earth
  • Éditeur québécois

For all curious readers, the Knowledge Guides open the door to a world of complex and captivating phenomena.

Accurate, detailed visual information is all defined in lay language to make it readily accessible to the non-expert. Definitions to scientific terms are given either in the explanation itself, or in the comprehensive glossary.

Table des matières

Table des matières
Understanding The Earth 1
Table of contents 5
Earth’s history 8
The formation of Earth 9
The geologic time scale 11
Life emerges on the continents 13
Our knowledge of geologic time 15
Earth’s structure 18
Inside Earth 19
Geomagnetism 21
The minerals 23
Mineral shapes 25
The life cycle of rocks 27
Types of rocks 29
Tectonics and volcanism 32
Plate tectonics 33
The fate of Pangaea 35
Continental drift 37
Volcanoes 39
Volcanism 41
Volcanic eruptions 43
Hot spots 44
Geysers 45
Earthquakes 47
Seismic waves 49
Water and oceans 52
Watercourses 53
The world’s rivers and lakes 55
The world ocean 57
The ocean floor 59
Oceanic trenches and ridges 61
Ocean currents 63
Waves 65
Tsunamis 67
The tides 69
The evolving landscape 72
Erosion 73
The cycle of erosion 75
Landslides 76
Caves 77
How mountains are formed 79
Mountains of the world 81
Configuration of the coastline 83
Glaciers 85
Glacial erosion 87
Icebergs 88
Representations of Earth 90
Terrestrial coordinates 91
Cartographic projection 93
Cartography 95
Cartographic conventions 97
Physical and topographic maps 99
Thematic maps 101
Remote sensing 103
Satellites and shuttles 105
Time zones 107
The continents 110
Configuration of the continents 111
Antarctica 112
North America 113
South America 115
Europe 117
Asia 119
Oceania 121
Africa 123
Glossary 125
Index 127
Photo credits 129